What is the Government?
The Government are the people responsible for running the country. The political party that wins the most seats at a General Election takes charge of the Government for five years, until the next General Election.
The leader of the winning party is appointed as Prime Minister and chooses other party members to work in the Government with them – as Cabinet ministers and junior ministers.
What is Parliament?
Parliament is there to represent our interests and make sure they are taken into account by the Government. The Government cannot make new laws or raise new taxes without Parliament’s agreement.
Parliament is made up of people we have elected and people who have been appointed. They sit in two separate Houses:
- The House of Commons, where all the people we have elected at the General Election work, as MPs, for the next five years. This includes people