government – WordReference.com Dictionary of English







WordReference Random House Learner’s Dictionary of American English © 2020

gov•ern•ment /ˈgʌvɚnmənt, -ɚmənt/USA pronunciation  
n. 

  1. Government[uncountable] the political system by which direction and control over the actions of the members or citizens of a community, society, state, etc., is exercised; the direction of the affairs of a state, community, etc.
  2. Government[countable;  usually singular;
    the + ~]
    the governing body of persons in a state, community, etc. or a branch of this body.
  3. Government[countable] (in some parliamentary systems, as that of the United Kingdom)
    • the particular group of persons forming the cabinet at any given time:The Prime Minister has formed a new government.
    • the parliament along with the cabinet.

  4. [uncountable] direction;
    control;
    management;
    rule.

gov•ern•men•tal /ˌgʌvɚnˈmɛntəl, ˌgʌvɚ-/USA pronunciation  adj. 

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020

gov•ern•ment 
(guvərn mənt, -ər mənt),USA pronunciation n. 

  1. Governmentthe political direction and control exercised over the actions of the members, citizens, or inhabitants of communities, societies, and states; direction of the affairs of a state, community, etc.;
    political administration:Government is necessary to the existence of civilized society.
  2. Governmentthe form or system of rule by which a state, community, etc., is governed: monarchical government;
    episcopal government.
  3. Governmentthe governing body of persons in a state, community, etc.;
    administration.
  4. Governmenta branch or service of the supreme authority of a state or nation, taken as representing the whole:a dam built by the government.
  5. Government(in some parliamentary systems, as that of the United Kingdom)
    • the particular group of persons forming the cabinet at any given time: The Prime Minister has formed a new government.
    • the parliament along with the cabinet:The government has fallen.

  6. direction;
    control;
    management;
    rule:the government of one’s conduct.
  7. Governmenta district governed;
    province.
  8. GovernmentSee  political science. 
  9. Grammarthe extablished usage that requires that one word in a sentence should cause another to be of a particular form:the government of the verb by its subject.

gov•ern•men•tal
(guvərn mənt, -ər mənt),USA pronunciation adj. 
gov′ern•men tal•ly, adv. 

  • Old French governement. See govern, –ment
  • Middle English 1350–1400


    Normal phonological processes are reflected in a variety of pronunciations for government. Most commonly, the first
    (guvərn mənt, -ər mənt),USA pronunciation of
    (guvərn mənt, -ər mənt),USA pronunciation assimilates to the immediately following
    (guvərn mənt, -ər mənt),USA pronunciation with the resulting identical nasal sounds coalescing to give the pronunciation
    (guvərn mənt, -ər mənt),USA pronunciation This pronunciation is considered standard and occurs throughout the U.S. For speakers in regions where postvocalic
    (guvərn mənt, -ər mənt),USA pronunciation is regularly lost, as along the Eastern Seaboard and in the South, the resulting pronunciation is
    (guvərn mənt, -ər mənt),USA pronunciation or, with loss of the medial unstressed vowel,
    (guvərn mənt, -ər mənt),USA pronunciation Further assimilation, in which the labiodental
    (guvərn mənt, -ər mənt),USA pronunciation in anticipation of the bilabial quality of the following
    (guvərn mənt, -ər mənt),USA pronunciation becomes the bilabial stop
    (guvərn mənt, -ər mənt),USA pronunciation leads in the South Midland and Southern U.S. to the pronunciation
    (guvərn mənt, -ər mənt),USA pronunciation See  isn’t. 


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

government /ˈɡʌvənmənt; ˈɡʌvəmənt/ n

  1. the exercise of political authority over the actions, affairs, etc, of a political unit, people, etc, as well as the performance of certain functions for this unit or body; the action of governing; political rule and administration
  2. the system or form by which a community, etc, is ruled: tyrannical government
  3. the executive policy-making body of a political unit, community, etc; ministry or administration
  4. (capital when of a specific country): the British Government
  5. the state and its administration: blame it on the government
  6. (as modifier): a government agency
  7. regulation; direction
  8. the determination of the form of one word by another word


governmental /ˌɡʌvənˈmɛntəl; ˌɡʌvəˈmɛntəl/ adj ˌgovernˈmentally adv

government‘ also found in these entries:










Source Article