Multinational enterprises (MNEs) are active in some of the most dynamic sectors of national economies with the capacity to assert a positive influence in fostering development. Some of those enterprises make real efforts to achieve international standards by improving working conditions and raising local standards of living conditions.
Some MNEs, however, do not respect international human rights standards and can thus be implicated for abuses such as employing child labourers, discriminating against certain groups of employees, failing to provide safe and healthy as well as just and favourable conditions of work.
The international community is trying to enforce more rigorous scrutiny of MNEs’ negative impact on human rights and on the environment. The United Nations initiated a study and the report came out in 2008 entitled “Protect, Respect and Remedy: A Framework for Business and Human Rights”. The study proposed a Framework based on three pillars: (a) the obligation of