The Parthenon. Photo by Mountain
History >> Ancient Greece
The Ancient Greeks may be most famous for their ideas and philosophies on government and politics. It was in Greece, and particularly Athens, that democracy was first conceived and used as a primary form of government.
The Greek City-State
Ancient Greece was made up of city-states. A city-state was a major city and the surrounding areas. Each city-state had its own rule and government. Sometimes the city-states fought each other. Athens and Sparta were the two largest city-states and they had many wars and battles.
Types of Government
There were three main types of government:
- Democracy – A government ruled by the people, or assembly. Officials and leaders were elected and all citizens had a say.
- Monarchy – A single ruler like a king. In Athens this ruler was called a Tyrant.
- Oligarchy –