Types of Societies | Introduction to Sociology

Learning Objectives

By the end of this section, you will be able to:

  • Describe the difference between preindustrial, industrial, and postindustrial societies
  • Understand the role of environment on preindustrial societies
  • Understand how technology impacts societal development

How does technology influence a society’s daily occupations? (Photo courtesy of Mo Riza/flickr)

Hunting and gathering tribes, industrialized Japan, Americans—each is a society. But what does this mean? Exactly what is a society? In sociological terms, society refers to a group of people who live in a definable community and share the same culture. On a broader scale, society consists of the people and institutions around us, our shared beliefs, and our cultural ideas. Typically, more-advanced societies also share a political authority.

Sociologist Gerhard Lenski (1924–) defined societies in terms of their technological sophistication. As a society advances, so does its use of technology. Societies with rudimentary technology depend on the fluctuations of their

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There are four different types of law, criminal, civil, common and statuate. In this first task I will explain briefly each one. – GCSE Law

Extracts from this document…

Task 1 There are four different types of law, criminal, civil, common and statuate. In this first task I will explain briefly each one: Criminal Law: This is the kind of law that the police enforce. Murder, assault, robbery and rape are all included within the boundaries of criminal law. A good way in which to summarise which offences come under criminal law is ‘an offence which is seen as being against everybody, even though it is not’. For example if a car is stolen, then the theft is against the individual, but it threatens all car owners because they might have their car stolen. Because the view is taken that everybody is threatened by the crime, criminal law is dealt with by the public services and not by private layers or investigators. Civil Law: Civil law has many different areas enclosed in it. Examples that

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Types of Headstones, Markers and Medallions Available

Bronze Medallion - Small

Bronze Medallion – Small

Bronze Medallion - Medium or Large

Bronze Medallion – Medium or Large

MOH Medallion

MOH Medallion

The Department of Veterans Affairs provides a medallion, by request, to be affixed to an existing, privately purchased headstone or marker to signify the deceased’s status as a Veteran.

This device is furnished in lieu of a traditional Government headstone or grave marker for those Veterans who served on or after Apr. 6, 1917 and whose grave in a private cemetery is marked with a privately purchased headstone or marker.

Why choose a medallion: Bronze medallions are durable and can be easily affixed to privately purchased headstones by anyone, avoiding headstone or marker setting fees. The medallion also offers a way to identify the grave as that of a Veteran when a cemetery only allows one headstone per grave, preventing the use of a standard VA marker as a footstone.

Bronze Medallion Sizes: The medallion is available in

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Areas of Legal Practice – Different Types of Law

There are several types of law you’ll come across during your legal studies. On this page, you’ll find a comprehensive list of different areas of law you can choose to specialise in during your journey towards a career in law. Read more about the ones that interest you with our specific guides, and make sure you apply for work experience in these areas to see if they’re a good fit.

Struggling to choose which of the types of law you want to specialise in? Take our two-minute quiz!

Which area of law is right for you? Take the quiz!

Or take these steps to make a methodical decision about which area is your perfect area.

3 Areas of Law You’ve Never Considered >>

If there is an area of law you’re particularly interested in, take a look at our various Areas of Law pages, including:

Each of these more specific

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What Are the Different Types of Law? (with pictures)

Post 7

What do you need for Criminal Law?

Post 5

I have a question: what is the difference between laws that forbid things like rape and murder, and laws that for example, says you have to drive on the right side of the road, instead of the left side? Basically the first kind of laws deal with people’s inborn sense of what’s right and what’s wrong, and the second kind that deals with things that people need to be told.

Post 4

I wasn’t clear on exactly what tort law was, so I looked it up and I’ll share a little about it.

A tort is an action against someone else that involves some kind of damage to them – it can be physical damage or damage to their reputation, or economic damage. If you are just fooling around with a baseball bat and hit someone

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Different Types of Law Degrees

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), becoming a lawyer requires a minimum of two degrees over the course of 7 years of full-time study – 4 years for an undergraduate degree, followed by a 3 year law degree earned from a law school accredited by the ABA.

If you are considering law school, generally there are three different types of law degrees a person can earn in the U.S.A. These degrees include a Juris Doctor, a Master of Laws, and a Doctor of Juridical Science.

Juris Doctor

The Juris Doctor allows a person to practice law within the United States of America. This is the first law degree that a person becoming an attorney will earn. A Juris Doctor takes three full years to complete and is started after a person has earned a bachelor’s degree from a college. There are some Juris Doctor degrees that can be

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Types of Government

ADA Text Version

Government can be defined as the institution or institutions that possess the basic authority to rule a society. In theory, and frequently in practice, governments possess a monopoly on the use of violence. Politics describes the struggle for power that takes place within government, or in Harold Lasswell’s famous phrase “who gets what, when, and where?” This course assumes that all governments seek to bolster their authority to govern by seeking legitimacy. Why? Although governments can, and do, exercise authority by the threat of armed violence, violence is an extremely expensive way to maintain power. A government can’t place a policeman on every corner or rule by military might alone if it wants to be sustainable (although the long life of dictatorships often challenges this assertion). It is much easier for governments when citizens obey their authority voluntarily. To this end all governments, even nondemocratic governments, seek

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Types of Lawyers | Job Description for Careers in Law

Learn about the variety of law careers below.

Choose what education level that best describes you:

Featured Law School:


University of Dayton

Campus Locations:
Programs: Online Hybrid Juris Doctor: ABA-approved JD program


  • Collections
  • Contracts
  • Incorporation
  • Litigation
  • Patents
  • Constitutional Law
  • Discrimination
  • Civil Liberties
  • Gay and Lesbian Rights
  • Voting Rights
  • Human Rights
  • Expengement
  • Traffic Ticket
  • Crime
  • Aggravated DUI
  • Commercial DUI Regulations
  • Drunk Biking
  • Felony DUI
  • Workers’ compensation
  • Termination of employment
  • Sexual harassment
  • Workplace safety
  • Wage and overtime standards
  • Privacy rights
  • Discrimination against employees based on age, ancestry, color, creed, disability, marital status, medical conditions, national origin, race, religion, sex, or sexual orientation.
  • Employee benefits like leaves of absence and retirement plans
  • Living Wills
  • Trusts
  • Wills


  • Citizenship
  • Employment Business Citizenship
  • Veteran’s Benefits
  • Military Law Basics
  • Back, Knee, Shoulder, Head Injury
  • Hearing Loss
  • Occupational Disease
  • Repetitive Stress Injury
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrom
  • Burn Injury
  • Chronic Pain
  • Respiratory Illness
  • Depression, Anxiety, Mental
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